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Summer 2005 Vol. 5 No. 2




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Projects

The following projects have been recently undertaken by units of the National Academies. The latest information about all current committee activities -- including project descriptions, committee rosters, and meeting information -- is available in "Current Projects" on the National Academies' Web site.

Assessment of the U.S. Drug Safety System. Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice, Institute of Medicine. Project director: Kathleen Stratton. Chair: Sheila P. Burke, deputy secretary and chief operating officer, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Sponsor: U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

Human-System Design Support for Changing Technology. Center for Studies of Behavior and Development, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Project director: Anne Mavor. Chair: Richard W. Pew, principal scientist, BBN Technologies, Cambridge, Mass. Sponsor: U.S. Army Research Laboratory and Air Force Research Laboratory.

National Tire Efficiency Study. Studies and Information Services, Transportation Research Board, and Board on Energy and Environmental Systems, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences. Project director: Tom Menzies. Chair: Dale F. Stein, president emeritus, Michigan Technological University, Tucson, Ariz. Sponsor: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Route Selection for Transportation of Research Reactor Spent Nuclear Fuel. Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board, Division on Earth and Life Studies; and Studies and Information Services, Transportation Research Board. Project director: Kevin Crowley. Chair: Neal Lane, Edward A. and Hermena Hancock Kelly University Professor, and senior fellow, James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy, Rice University, Houston. Sponsor: U.S. Department of Transportation.

Strategic Advice on the U.S. Climate Change Science Program. Division on Earth and Life Studies, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, and Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences. Project director: Anne Linn. Chair: To be selected. Sponsor: U.S. Climate Change Science Program.

Teacher Education Programs in the United States. Center for Education, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Project director: Michael Allen. Chair: To be selected. Sponsor: U.S. Department of Education's Institute of Education Sciences.

Understanding Premature Birth and Assuring Healthy Outcomes. Board on Health Sciences Policy, Institute of Medicine. Project director: Adrienne Stith Butler. Chair: Richard E. Behrman, executive and chair of the Pediatric Education Steering Committee, Federation of Pediatric Organizations Inc., Menlo Park, Calif. Sponsors: National Institutes of Health's National Institute of Child Health & Human Development and Office of Research on Women's Health, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Health Resources and Services Administration, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, March of Dimes, Burroughs Wellcome Fund, American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, American Society for Reproductive Medicine, and the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine.


Publications

For documents shown as available from the National Academies Press (NAP), write to 500 Fifth St., N.W., Lockbox 285, Washington, D.C. 20055; tel. 202-334-3313 or 1-800-624-6242; or order on the Internet at <www.nap.edu>. Documents from a specific unit of the National Academies are available from the source as noted. Prices and availability of all documents are subject to change. Charges listed are for single copies; discounts are available for bulk orders.

Advancing the Nation's Health Needs: NIH Research Training Programs
Board on Higher Education and Workforce, Division on Policy and Global Affairs (2005, 190 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09427-5; available from NAP, $45.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Are Chemical Journals Too Expensive and Inaccessible? A Workshop Summary to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable
Chemical Sciences Roundtable, Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology, Division on Earth and Life Studies (2005, 50 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09590-5; available from NAP, $18.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Assessing the Quality of Cancer Care: An Approach to Measurement in Georgia
National Cancer Policy Board, Institute of Medicine and National Research Council (2005, 292 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09569-7; available from NAP, $49.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

The Astrophysical Context of Life
Committee on the Origins and Evolution of Life, Space Studies Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, and Board on Life Sciences, Division on Earth and Life Studies (2005, 94 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09627-8; available from NAP, $18.00 plus $4.50 shipping; also available free from the Space Studies Board, tel. 202-334-3477 or e-mail <>).

The Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA): Implications of a Potential Descope
Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics, Board on Physics and Astronomy and Space Studies Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2005, approx. 31 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09694-4; available from NAP, $12.00 plus $4.50 shipping; also available free from the Space Studies Board, tel. 202-334-3477 or e-mail <>).

Avoiding Surprise in an Era of Global Technology Advances
Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2005, 138 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09605-7; available from NAP, $32.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Cord Blood: Establishing a National Hematopoietic Stem Cell Bank Program
Board on Health Sciences Policy, Institute of Medicine (2005, approx. 320 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09586-7; available from NAP, $46.95 plus $4.50 shipping).

Creating a Disaster Resilient America: Grand Challenges in Science and Technology -- Summary of a Workshop of the Disasters Roundtable
Disasters Roundtable, Division on Earth and Life Studies (2005, 19 pp.; available only online at <www.nap.edu>).

Decreasing Energy Intensity in Manufacturing: Assessing the Strategies and Future Directions of the Industrial Technologies Program
Board on Manufacturing and Engineering Design, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2005, 86 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09574-3; available from NAP, $18.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Designing Nanostructures at the Interface Between Biomedical and Physical Systems -- Conference Focus Group Summaries
National Academies Keck Futures Initiative (2005, 120 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09668-5; available from NAP, $28.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Earth Science and Applications From Space: Urgent Needs and Opportunities to Serve the Nation
Space Studies Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2005, approx. 50 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09672-3; available from NAP, $12.00 plus $4.50 shipping; also available free from the board, tel. 202-334-3477 or e-mail <>).

Economic Models of Colorectal Cancer Screening in Average-Risk Adults -- Workshop Summary
National Cancer Policy Board, Institute of Medicine and National Research Council, and Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy, Division on Policy and Global Affairs (2005, 310 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09539-5; available from NAP, $60.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Effects of Nuclear Earth-Penetrator and Other Weapons
Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2005, approx. 150 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09673-1; available from NAP, $33.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Estimating the Contributions of Lifestyle-Related Factors to Preventable Death -- A Workshop Summary
Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice, Institute of Medicine (2005, 80 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09690-1; available from NAP, $18.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Federal Agency Roles in Cancer Drug Development From Preclinical Research to New Drug Approval: The National Cancer Institute and the Food and Drug Administration -- Background Paper Prepared for the National Cancer Policy Board
Institute of Medicine and National Research Council (2005, 68 pp.; available only online at <www.nap.edu>).

Final Comments on the Science Plan for the North Pacific Research Board
Ocean Studies Board and Polar Research Board, Division on Earth and Life Studies (2005, 44 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09602-2; available from NAP, $12.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Frontiers of Engineering: Reports on Leading-Edge Engineering From the 2004 NAE Symposium on Frontiers of Engineering
National Academy of Engineering (2005, 164 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09547-6; available from NAP, $35.50 plus $4.50 shipping).

Impact of Revised Airborne Exposure Limits on Non-Stockpile Chemical Materiel Program Activities
Board on Army Science and Technology, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2005, 108 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09545-X; available from NAP, $25.75 plus $4.50 shipping).

Implications of Genomics for Public Health -- Workshop Summary
Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Institute of Medicine (2005, 98 pp.; 0-309-09607-3; available from NAP, $18.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Implications of Nanotechnology for Environmental Health Research
Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine, Board on Health Sciences Policy, Institute of Medicine (2005, 70 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09577-8; available from NAP, $18.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Improved Seismic Monitoring -- Improved Decision-Making: Assessing the Value of Reduced Uncertainty
Committee on Seismology and Geodynamics, Board on Earth Sciences and Resources, Division on Earth and Life Studies (2005, approx. 148 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09695-2; available from NAP, $32.50 plus $4.50 shipping).

Improving Breast Imaging Quality Standards
National Cancer Policy Board, Institute of Medicine and National Research Council (2005, approx. 248 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09648-0; available from NAP, $42.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Improving the Characterization and Treatment of Radioactive Wastes for the Department of Energy's Accelerated Site Cleanup Program
Board on Radioactive Waste Management, Division on Earth and Life Studies (2005, 84 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09299-X; available from NAP, $18.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Improving the Scientific Foundation for Atmosphere-Land-Ocean Simulations -- Report of a Workshop
Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, Division on Earth and Life Studies (2005, 84 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09609-X; available from NAP, $18.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Interfaces for Ground and Air Military Robots -- Workshop Summary
Committee on Human Factors, Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education (2005, 60 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09606-5; available from NAP, $18.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Interim Design Assessment for the Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plant
Board on Army Science and Technology, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2005, 92 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09445-3; available from NAP, $18.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

An International Perspective on Advancing Technologies and Strategies for Managing Dual-Use Risks -- Report of a Workshop
Development, Security, and Cooperation, Division on Policy and Global Affairs; and Board on Global Health, Institute of Medicine (2005, approx. 154 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09682-0; available from NAP, $33.50 plus $4.50 shipping).

An International Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage Facility: Exploring a Russian Site as a Prototype -- Proceedings of an International Workshop
Office for Central Europe and Eurasia, Development, Security, and Cooperation, Division on Policy and Global Affairs (2005, approx. 232 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09688-X; available from NAP, $46.75 plus $4.50 shipping).

Making Better Drugs for Children With Cancer
National Cancer Policy Board, Institute of Medicine and National Research Council (2005, 56 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09608-1; available from NAP, $18.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Measuring Food Insecurity and Hunger -- Phase 1 Report
Committee on National Statistics, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education (2005, 70 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09596-4; available from NAP, $18.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Monitoring Nuclear Weapons and Nuclear-Explosive Materials: An Assessment of Methods and Capabilities
Committee on International Security and Arms Control, National Academy of Sciences (2005, 264 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09597-2; available from NAP, $52.25 plus $4.50 shipping).

Nutrient Composition of Rations for Short-Term, High-Intensity Combat Operations
Committee on Military Nutrition Research, Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine (2005, approx. 507 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09641-3; available from NAP, $50.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Policy Implications of International Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Scholars in the United States
Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy, the National Academies; and Board on Higher Education and Workforce, Division on Policy and Global Affairs (2005, approx. 214 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09613-8; available from NAP, $43.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Prospective Evaluation of Applied Energy Research and Development at DOE (Phase One): A First Look Forward
Board on Energy and Environmental Systems, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2005, 138 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09604-9; available from NAP, $38.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Public Water Supply Distribution Systems: Assessing and Reducing Risks -- First Report
Water Science and Technology Board, Division on Earth and Life Studies (2005, 58 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09628-6; available from NAP, $18.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Review of the HIVNET 012 Perinatal HIV Prevention Study
Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice, Institute of Medicine (2005, approx. 150 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09651-0; available from NAP, $33.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Review of the U.S. Climate Change Science Program's Synthesis and Assessment Product on Temperature Trends in the Lower Atmosphere
Climate Research Committee, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, Division on Earth and Life Studies (2005, 74 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09674-X; available from NAP, $18.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Risks and Decisions About Disposition of Transuranic and High-Level Radioactive Waste
Board on Radioactive Waste Management, Division on Earth and Life Studies (2005, 236 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09549-2; available from NAP, $37.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

The Science of Instream Flows: A Review of the Texas Instream Flow Program
Water Science and Technology Board, Division on Earth and Life Studies (2005, 162 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09566-2; available from NAP, $34.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Signposts in Cyberspace: The Domain Name System and Internet Navigation
Computer Science and Telecommunications Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2005, 416 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09640-5; available from NAP, $45.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

The Smallpox Vaccination Program: Public Health in an Age of Terrorism
Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Institute of Medicine (2005, 360 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09592-1; available from NAP, $51.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Thinking Strategically: The Appropriate Use of Metrics for the Climate Change Science Program
Climate Research Committee, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, Division on Earth and Life Studies (2005, 160 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09659-6; available from NAP, $32.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Vaccine Safety Research, Data Access, and Public Trust
Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Institute of Medicine (2005, 152 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09591-3; available from NAP, $35.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 2004
Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Institute of Medicine (2005, approx. 650 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09598-0; available from NAP, $79.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

WIC Food Packages: Time for a Change
Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine (2005, approx. 324 pp.; ISBN 0-309-09650-2; available from NAP, $47.00 plus $4.50 shipping).

Transportation Research Board (TRB) reports --Approximately 150 titles issued annually. Free catalog available on request from TRB, 500 Fifth St., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20001 (tel. 202-334-3213), or visit TRB's bookstore on the Internet.



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Copyright 2005 by the National Academy of Sciences